Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent some types of bacterial infections. They work by killing bacteria or preventing them from spreading.
However, a lot of the time they aren’t required or appropriate. This is because:
Taking antibiotics inappropriately increases the risk of antibiotic resistant bacteria developing. The picture below is taken from a leaflet produced by the Public Health England. It describes what antibiotic resistance is, what the consequences of antibiotic resistance are and what we can do to prevent it.
Image source – https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/465963/AntibioticGuardian_3-fold-leaflet_FINAL.pdf
Click here for frequently asked questions relating to medicines.